Transactions Affecting Stockholders' Equity
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2017
|Transactions Affecting Stockholders' Equity||
Note 6 – Transactions Affecting Stockholders’ Equity
Our authorized capital stock consists of 50 million shares of Common Stock and 1 million shares of preferred stock, $.0005 par value (“Preferred Stock”).
On June 16, 2015, our stockholders approved the change to our state of incorporation from the State of Nevada to the State of Delaware pursuant to a plan of conversion (the “Conversion Plan”) and the filing of a certificate of incorporation in the State of Delaware. The Preferred Stock authorized under our certificate of incorporation may be issued from time to time in one or more series. As of September 30, 2017, no shares of Preferred Stock have been issued. Our board of directors has the full authority permitted by law to establish, without further stockholder approval, one or more series of Preferred Stock and the number of shares constituting each such series and to fix by resolution, voting powers, preferences and relative, participating, optional and other special rights of each series of Preferred Stock, and the qualifications, limitations or restrictions thereof, if any. Subject to the limitation on the total number of shares of Preferred Stock that we have authority to issue under our certificate of incorporation, the board of directors is also authorized to increase or decrease the number of shares of any series, subsequent to the issue of that series, but not below the number of shares of such series then-outstanding. In case the number of shares of any series is so decreased, the shares constituting such decrease will resume the status that they had prior to the adoption of the resolution originally fixing the number of shares of such series. We may amend from time to time our certificate of incorporation and bylaws to increase the number of authorized shares of Preferred Stock or Common Stock or to make other changes or additions to our capital structure or the terms of our capital stock.
Stockholder Rights Plan
On September 8, 1998, our Board of Directors declared a dividend distribution of Common Stock Purchase Rights (each individually, a “Right” and collectively, the “Rights”) payable to our stockholders of record on September 25, 1998, thereby creating a Stockholder Rights Plan (the “Rights Agreement”). The Plan was subsequently amended effective each of (i) May 23, 2008, (ii) August 18, 2009, (iii) June 18, 2014 and (iv) January 6, 2017. The Rights Agreement, as amended and restated, provides that each Right entitles the stockholder of record to purchase from the Company that number of shares of Common Stock having a combined market value equal to two times the Rights exercise price of $45. The Rights are not exercisable until the distribution date, which will be the earlier of a public announcement that a person or group of affiliated or associated persons has acquired 15% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock, or the announcement of an intention by a similarly constituted party to make a tender or exchange offer resulting in the ownership of 15% or more of the outstanding shares of Common Stock (such person, the “acquirer”). The Rights Agreement allows for an exemption for Ted Karkus, the Company’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, to acquire up to 20% of our Common Stock without our Board of Directors declaring a dividend distribution.
The dividend has the effect of diluting the acquirer by giving our other stockholders a 50% discount on our Common Stock’s current market value for exercising the Rights. In the event of a cashless exercise of the Right and the acquirer has acquired less than 50% beneficial ownership of the Company, a stockholder may exchange one Right for one share of Common Stock of the Company. The Rights Agreement, as amended, includes a provision pursuant to which our Board of Directors may exempt from the provisions of the Rights Agreement an offer for all outstanding shares of our Common Stock that the Board of Directors determines to be fair and not inadequate and to otherwise be in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders, after receiving advice from one or more investment banking firms. The expiration date of the Rights Agreement, as amended, is June 18, 2024.
Equity Line of Credit
On July 30, 2015, we entered into a new equity line of credit agreement (such arrangement, the “2015 Equity Line”) with Dutchess Opportunity Fund II, LP (“Dutchess”). Pursuant to the 2015 Equity Line, Dutchess committed to purchase, subject to certain restrictions and conditions, up to 3,200,000 shares of our Common Stock, over a period of 36 months from the effectiveness of the registration statement registering the resale of shares purchased by Dutchess pursuant to the Investment Agreement.
We may, at our discretion, draw on the 2015 Equity Line from time to time, as and when we determine appropriate in accordance with the terms and conditions of the 2015 Equity Line. The maximum number of shares that we are entitled to put to Dutchess in any one draw down notice shall not exceed 500,000 shares with a purchase price calculated in accordance with the terms of the 2015 Equity Line. We may deliver a notice for a subsequent put from time to time, following the one day pricing period for the prior put.
The purchase price shall be set at ninety-five percent (95%) of the volume weighted average price (VWAP) of the Common Stock during the one trading day immediately following our put notice. We have the right to withdraw all or any portion of any put, except that portion of the put that has already been sold to a third party, including any portion of a put that is below the minimum acceptable price set forth on the put notice, before the closing. In the event Dutchess receives more than a five percent (5%) return on the net sales for a specific put, Dutchess must remit such excess proceeds to us; however, in the event Dutchess receives less than a five percent (5%) return on the net sales for a specific put, Dutchess will have the right to deduct from the proceeds of the put amount on the applicable closing date so Dutchess’s return will equal five percent (5%).
There are put restrictions applied on days between the draw down notice date and the closing date with respect to that particular put. During such time, we are entitled to deliver another draw down notice. In addition, Dutchess will not be obligated to purchase shares if Dutchess’ total number of shares beneficially held at that time would exceed 4.99% of the number of shares of Common Stock as determined in accordance with Rule 13d-1(j) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. In addition, we are not permitted to draw on the facility unless there is an effective registration statement to cover the resale of the shares.
Pursuant to the terms of the 2015 Equity Line, we are obligated to file one or more registration statements with the SEC to register the resale by Dutchess of the shares of Common Stock issued or issuable under the 2015 Equity Line. In addition, we are obligated to use all commercially reasonable efforts to have the registration statement declared effective by the SEC within 90 days after the registration statement is filed. On August 4, 2015, we filed a registration statement for the underlying shares of the 2015 Equity Line with the SEC and the registration statement was declared effective by the SEC on August 21, 2015.
At September 30, 2017, we have 2,450,000 shares of our Common Stock available for sale, at our discretion, under the terms of our 2015 Equity Line and covered pursuant to an effective registration statement.
The 2010 Equity Compensation Plan
On May 5, 2010, our stockholders approved the 2010 Equity Compensation Plan which was subsequently amended, restated and approved by our stockholders on April 24, 2011, and further amended and approved by our stockholders on May 6, 2013 and May 24, 2016 (the “2010 Plan”). The 2010 Plan provides that the total number of shares of Common Stock that may be issued under the 2010 Plan is equal to 3.2 million shares, including 900,000 shares that are authorized for issuance but unissued under a 1997 incentive stock option plan and 700,000 shares added to the 2010 Plan effective May 24, 2016.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, we granted to employees to acquire our Common Stock pursuant to the terms of 2010 Plan and aggregate of 625,000 options of which (i) 25,000 options are exercisable at $2.15 per share that vest over three years and (ii) 600,000 options are exercisable at $2.00 per share that vest over four years. The assumptions used in determining the fair value of the 25,000 stock options granted in the third quarter of Fiscal 2017 were (i) expected option life of 4.5 years, (ii) weighted average risk rate of 1.62%, (iii) dividend yield of 0% and (iv) expected volatility of 38.59%. The assumptions used in determining the fair value of the 600,000 stock options granted in the second quarter of Fiscal 2017 were (i) expected option life of 4.75 years, (ii) weighted average risk rate of 1.81%, (iii) dividend yield of 0% and (iv) expected volatility of 44.51%. No options were granted for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2016.
For the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2017, stock options of 592,000 and 682,000, respectively, were exercised pursuant to the 2010 Plan and we derived net proceeds of $752,000 and $854,000, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, there were no stock options exercised. At September 30, 2017, there were 1,642,000 options outstanding under the 2010 Plan and 108,659 options available to be issued pursuant to the terms of the 2010 Plan.
The 2010 Directors’ Equity Compensation Plan
On May 5, 2010, our stockholders approved the 2010 Directors’ Equity Compensation Plan, which was subsequently amended and approved by stockholders on May 6, 2013. A primary purpose of the 2010 Directors’ Equity Compensation Plan is to provide us with the ability to pay all or a portion of the fees of directors in restricted stock instead of cash. The 2010 Directors’ Equity Compensation Plan provides that the total number of shares of Common Stock that may be issued under the 2010 Directors’ Equity Compensation Plan is equal to 425,000. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, no shares were granted to our directors. At September 30, 2017, there were 147,808 shares of Common Stock that may be issued pursuant to the terms of the 2010 Directors’ Equity Compensation Plan.
Stock Purchase Agreements
On June 12, 2017 we entered into a Stock Purchase Agreement with each of Mark S. Leventhal, a former director of the Company, and certain other persons and entities associated and/or affiliated with Mr. Leventhal (the “Leventhal Holders”), pursuant to which we purchased all 1,061,980 shares of our Common Stock then held by the Leventhal Holders, representing an approximate 6.2% aggregate ownership interest (based on 17.2 million shares of common stock outstanding as of June 12, 2017). Upon consummation of the transactions, the Leventhal Holders ceased to hold any direct or indirect ownership interest in the Company.
Pursuant to the terms of the Stock Purchase Agreements, the total consideration paid by us to the Leventhal Holders for their shares was $1,858,465, which amount was equal to the product of (i) $1.75 multiplied by (ii) the number of shares purchased.
On August 25, 2017, we announced a tender offer to purchase up to 4.0 million shares of our Common Stock at a price of $2.30 per share (the “Tender Offer”). The number of shares proposed to be purchased in the tender offer represented approximately 24.7% of the approximately 16.2 million shares of our Common Stock issued and outstanding as of August 21, 2017. The last reported sale price of our Common Stock on August 15, 2017, the last full trading day before we announced the Tender Offer, was $2.13 per share.
The Tender Offer expired on September 25, 2017. Subject to the terms of the Tender Offer, we accepted for purchase 4,323,335 shares of our Common Stock, including all “odd lots” validly tendered, at a purchase price of $2.30 per share, for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $9.9 million. Based on the final tabulation by American Stock Transfer & Trust Company, the Depositary for the Tender Offer, 5,910,327 shares of our Common Stock were properly tendered and not withdrawn. We were informed by the Depositary that, after giving effect to the priority for an aggregate amount of approximately 9,338 “odd lot” shares, the final proration factor for the remaining tendered shares is approximately 73%. Prior to the Tender Offer, an investor, BML Investment Partners, L.P. (“BLM”), owned 2,322,627 shares, or 13.6%, of our outstanding Common Stock. Pursuant to the terms of the Tender Offer, BML tendered and sold 1,695,305 shares of our Common Stock. In addition, Ted Karkus, our Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer, Robert V. Cuddihy, Jr., our then Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer, and one of our directors tendered and sold 364,954, 358,621 and 4,379 shares of Common Stock, respectively.
The entire disclosure for shareholders' equity comprised of portions attributable to the parent entity and noncontrolling interest, including other comprehensive income. Includes, but is not limited to, balances of common stock, preferred stock, additional paid-in capital, other capital and retained earnings, accumulated balance for each classification of other comprehensive income and amount of comprehensive income.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef