INVESTMENT IN PHUSION LABORATORIES, LLC.
|12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2013
|Investments in and Advances to Affiliates, Schedule of Investments [Abstract]
|Investments in and Advances to Affiliates, Schedule of Investments [Text Block]
NOTE 8 INVESTMENT IN PHUSION LABORATORIES, LLC.
On March 22, 2010, we, PSI Parent, PSI and the Joint Venture entered into the LLC Agreement of the Joint Venture and additional related agreements for the purpose of developing and commercializing, for worldwide distribution and sale, a wide range of non-prescription remedies using PSI Parent’s proprietary patented TPM.
In connection with the LLC Agreement, PSI Parent granted to us, pursuant to the terms of a License Agreement, dated March 22, 2010 (the “Original License Agreement”), (i) an exclusive, royalty-free, world-wide (subject to certain limitations), paid-up license to exploit OTC drugs and certain other products that embody certain of PSI Parent’s TPM-related patents and related know-how (collectively, the “PSI Technology”) and (ii) a non-exclusive, royalty-free, world-wide (subject to certain limitations), paid-up license to exploit certain compounds that embody the PSI Technology for use in a product combining one or more of such compounds with an OTC drug or in a product that is part of a regimen that includes the application of an OTC drug. Pursuant to the terms of the Original License Agreement, we issued to PSI Parent 1,440,000 shares of our common stock, $0.005 par value (“Common Stock”) having an aggregate value of $2.6 million (such share, the “PSI Shares”) and made a one-time payment of $1.0 million.
The Joint Venture is managed by a four-person Board of Managers, with two managers appointed by each member. The LLC Agreement contains other standard terms in such arrangements, including provisions relating to the governance of the Joint Venture, indemnification obligations of the Joint Venture, allocation of profits and losses, the distribution of funds to the members and restrictions on transfer of a member’s interest.
On the date the PSI Shares were issued, PSI Parent agreed, pursuant to a Share Transfer Restriction Agreement, dated March 22, 2010 (the “Share Transfer Restriction Agreement”), between us and PSI Parent, that, with certain exceptions, it would not sell or otherwise dispose of any of the PSI Shares prior to June 1, 2012 (see discussion below). The PSI Shares were issued pursuant to an exemption from registration under the Securities Act, by virtue of Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and by virtue of Rule 506 of Regulation D under the Securities Act. Such sale and issuance did not involve any public offering and was made without general solicitation or advertising. Additionally, PSI Parent represented to us, among other things, that PSI Parent is not a US Person (as defined in Regulation S under the Securities Act), that PSI Parent is an accredited investor with access to all relevant information necessary to evaluate its investment and that the PSI Shares were being acquired for investment purposes only.
In September 2011, PSI Parent entered into certain Private Resale Agreements (“PSAs”) with seven third party purchasers, under which Phosphagenics sold, with our consent, an aggregate of 750,000 shares of our Common Stock. Under the PSAs, the purchasers may not, without the prior written consent of the Company, prior to the one year anniversary of the PSAs, directly or indirectly, sell, give, pledge, hypothecate, assign or otherwise transfer the purchased shares, in whole or in part. Contemporaneously with PSI Parent consummating the PSAs, we consummated an agreement with PSI Parent to redeem the then remaining 690,000 PSI Shares held by PSI Parent.
In accordance with a Contribution Agreement, dated March 22, 2010 (the “Contribution Agreement”), by and among us, PSI Parent, PSI, and the Joint Venture, we transferred, conveyed and assigned to the Joint Venture all of our rights, title and interest in, to and under the Original License Agreement, and the Joint Venture assumed, and undertook to pay, discharge and perform when due, all of our liabilities and obligations under and arising pursuant to the Original License Agreement (such actions, collectively, the “Assignment and Assumption”).
Pursuant to the Contribution Agreement and in order to reflect the Assignment and Assumption, we, PSI Parent and the Joint Venture entered into an Amended and Restated License Agreement, dated March 22, 2010 (the “Amended License Agreement”), which amends and restates the Original License Agreement to reflect that the Joint Venture is the licensee thereunder and which otherwise contains substantially the same terms as the Original License Agreement. The Joint Venture has the right to grant one or more sub-licenses of the rights granted under the Amended License Agreement to one or more third parties for reasonable consideration in any part of the applicable territory. The Amended License Agreement provides that PSI Parent shall not, directly or through third parties, exploit the covered intellectual property during the term thereof, subject to certain limitations. The Amended License Agreement will remain in effect until the expiration of the last to expire of the patents included within the PSI Technology or any extensions thereof. Either party may terminate the Amended License Agreement upon written notice to the other party in the event of certain events involving bankruptcy or insolvency. The Amended License Agreement also contains, among other things, provisions concerning the treatment of confidential information, the ownership of intellectual property and indemnification obligations.
Pursuant to the LLC Agreement, we and PSI each own a 50% membership interest in the Joint Venture. PSI Parent conducts and oversees much of the product development, formulation, testing and other research and development needed by the Joint Venture, and we will oversee much of the production, distribution, sales and marketing. The LLC Agreement provides that each member may be required, from time to time and subject to certain limitations, to make capital contributions to the Joint Venture to fund its operations, in accordance with agreed upon budgets for products to be developed. Specifically, we contributed in Fiscal 2010 $500,000 in cash as initial capital and we are committed to fund up to $2.0 million, subject to agreed upon budgets (which have not been established to date), toward the initial development and marketing costs of new products for the Joint Venture. The Joint Venture has not engaged in any financial transactions, other than organizational expenses and general market and initial product evaluation and analysis. At December 31, 2013, cash and equivalents includes $378,000 which is expected to be used by the Joint Venture to fund future product development initiatives currently under consideration by PSI Parent, PSI and us.
Our determination is that the Joint Venture qualifies as a VIE and that we are the primary beneficiary. We have consolidated the Joint Venture financial statements beginning with the quarter ended March 31, 2010. In Fiscal 2010, we recorded our $3.6 million payment representing the estimated fair value to acquire the product license as an intangible asset. We currently estimate the expected remaining useful life of the product license to be approximately 13 years which we will begin amortizing the cost of intangible asset once product development and commercialization begins. Thus far, the Joint Venture has not generated any revenues and its expenses, including organizational, marketing analysis and preliminary formulations have been absorbed by the respective Joint Venture members. Furthermore, the liabilities and other obligations incurred, if any, by the Joint Venture is without recourse to us and do not create a claim on our general assets.
During Fiscal 2012 and due to multiple factors affecting our capital position, including the payment we made in December 2012 under the Settlement Agreement and some of the product market research performed, we expect to modify the Joint Venture’s product development plans to stagger and/or defer into future periods certain product development initiatives due to the pre-commercialization investments required. We expect to continue pre-commercialization research and product development initiatives during the latter half of Fiscal 2014 or Fiscal 2015. Furthermore, we do not expect that the Joint Venture will derive any meaningful revenues, if any, until its commercialization efforts are completed which is not expected to occur until at the earliest the latter half of Fiscal 2014 or Fiscal 2015.
Due to multiple factors affecting our capital position, including (i) the $2.1 million payment we made in December 2012 under the Settlement Agreement and (ii) some of the product market research performed, we expect to modify the Joint Venture’s product development plans to stagger and/or defer into future periods certain product development initiatives due to the pre-commercialization investments required. As of December 31, 2013, we have not established a formal commercialization program timeline pending the results from additional clinical studies. We do not project that any such OTC products will be available for shipment within the next twelve months. We expect to continue pre-commercialization research and product development initiatives during the latter half of Fiscal 2014. Furthermore, we do not expect that the Joint Venture will derive any meaningful revenues, if any, until its commercialization efforts are completed which is not expected to occur until at the earliest the latter half of Fiscal 2014 or Fiscal 2015.